Era:Late Jurassic period, 150 MYA
Found in: Forests and vegetated plains
Lived in: Europe and Eastern North America
The stegosaurus was one of the most gentle creatures that lived during the reign of the dinosaurs. Despite keeping a low profile in order to avoid being eaten by the carnivores, the Stegosaurus still was a pretty interesting creature. Here are some fun facts:
The Stegosaurus weighed about 5,000kg which is absolutely heavy. That’s about half as much as a double-decker bus.
The Stegosaurus had 17 plates that was located along its back. Experts speculate that the back plates may have functioned as a type of air conditioning system. Air cooled the blood running through the plates.
The spike at the end of a Stegosaurus’s tail was called a thagomiser and could have been used to keep predators at bay. Given its slow movement, its tail was its primary method to ward of attackers.
Its short, stumpy legs meant that the Stegosaurus could barely walk faster than a human being. It also didn’t help that it weighed so heavy.
It was not a very smart dinosaur. Though it had a huge body, its head was tiny. It had a brain no larger than a dog’s.